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Effect of Population Change on the Attainment of Educational Goals in the Developing Countries
Gavin W. Jones
If there is one article of faith that is almost universally shared in developing countries,* it is that education must be expanded and must be expanded rapidly. Governments emphasize the need to eliminate illiteracy, to provide universal and free primary education, and to produce enough manpower with technical and academic skills to meet the requirements of development plans. Villagers simply have the conviction that, although they did not go to school themselves, their children are going to do so, and the government has a duty to provide schools for them.
The reasoning behind the villager's conviction is clear enough: education is the key to prosperity and to full participation in the rapidly changing social and economic order that he has seen in the towns, even though it may scarcely have reached his village. The motives behind governments' passion for education may be mixed. For example, an architecturally exciting national university is a status symbol for a newly independent country. In any case, however, politicians and government planners cannot fail to take note of the ground swell of popular demand for education. Beyond this, they see clearly enough the need for technicians, for professional people, and for
Gavin Jones is Resident Consultant for the Population Council and Demographer, Manpower Planning Division, National Economic Development Board, Bangkok, Thailand.
*Also called "less developed countries," or "LDC's," and defined roughly as Asia (except Japan), Africa, and Latin America. The countries categorized as "developing" will vary according to the definition used. According to the simple definition of countries with a per capita GNP below $600, the developing countries will comprise all of Africa except Libya, all of Asia except Japan, Israel, Kuwait, and Cyprus, all of Latin America except Argentina and Venezuela; Albania, Malta, Portugal, and Yugoslavia in Europe; and most of Polynesia, Melanesia, and Micronesia. Per capita GNP figures fors of Life Histories Obtained in Sample Surveys," Behav Sci, Vol. 14, No. 2, 1969. pp. 105-120.ural-Urban Migration in Taiwan,"